Feb 01 2011
Most individuals have heard of a condition called enlarged liver. Fewer individuals, though, known what an enlarged spleen is. Fewer still probably know about a condition in which both of these health problems crop up at the same time.
An enlarged liver is called hepatomegaly by doctors. Enlarged spleens are referred to as splenomegaly. Some individuals get both an enlarged liver and spleen at the same time, in which case the condition is called hepatosplenomegaly. Most people simply call the disorder enlarged liver and spleen disease.
It should be noted, however, that neither an enlarged liver nor an enlarged spleen are considered diseases themselves. Instead, they are a symptom of some other disorder.
So, how does someone get enlarged liver and spleen? And just how much of a risk are they to your health?
In general, an enlarged liver is the result of an infection. It may also be due to toxins like dangerous drugs, alcohol, or harmful substances in your environment. Often liver enlargement is triggered by some other medical disorder. It could also be due to a metabolic disorder.
An enlarged spleen, on the other hand, occurs because of conditions or diseases that prompt destruction of red blood cells in the spleen.
Hepatosplenomegaly, the combination of enlarged liver and spleen, is ordinarily caused by a disease or condition concerning the kidneys, liver or red blood cells. These would include viral infections, such as chronic hepatitis C, cirrhosis, typhoid, kidney and liver infections and blood diseases. If an individual has non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma for example, the liver and spleen grow in size as the cancer progresses. This can produce serious pain in the liver vicinity. A number of hereditary disorders as sickle cell anemia also trigger spleen and liver enlargement.
Enlarged liver and spleen may well be difficult for doctors to diagnose due to the fact that signs and symptoms are not observable. But there are some clues. These include pain in the liver vicinity and trouble digesting large meals. Your may well need to undergo several tests to get a firm diagnosis.
As mentioned above, symptoms of enlarged liver and spleen are usually not pronounced, so in many cases, you will not even know the enlargement is taking place. Mild pain when you touch or put pressure on the area around the liver may be one of the first distinct symptoms.
If you’ve been feeling aching in the liver area lately, it’s best for you to give your physician a call. Treatment frequently depends on identifying the fundamental cause and will focus on reducing the swelling. The primary idea will be to ease the swelling and irritation. Antibiotics will be appropriate some of the time, but not all of the time.
You may be concerned about the possibility of a ruptured spleen, but generally it’s not a matter of concern. But in those unusual cases when a ruptured spleen occurs, it can lead to a major blood loss. A ruptured spleen can be fatal. For this reason, enlarged liver and spleen should be swiftly treated by a medical professional.
If you enjoyed this post and want to receive more acne treatment tips and information, make sure you subscribe to our RSS feed!
Need to clear your skin FAST? Discover how to cure acne for good... ex-sufferer reveals secrets of a flawless complexion. Click here now to learn more!